We log anonymous usage statistics. Please read the privacy information for details.
The text file should be presented in the following order:
Title page including
an informative title,
a running title (less than 50 characters),
the full name of the author/s and each author´s institutionally affiliation, ORCID
the postal address and email address of the corresponding author,
number of illustrations and tables
The abstract should not exceed 250 words and contain the major keywords summarizing the article. The abstract should be structured including
Objectives: A statement of the goal(s) of the research.
Sample and Methods: A brief description of the study design, subjects, data collection, and statistical or other analysis methods used.
Results: A brief description of the principal findings.
Conclusions: A brief statement of the conclusions drawn relative to the objectives of the study.
Up to five keywords are needed
Take home message for students
A short and comprehensible take home message of less than 50 words
Conflict of Interest
Authors should provide a conflict of interest statement. Submitting authors should ensure they act jointly with all co-authors to confirm agreement with the final statement. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission.
The main text should be structured in introduction, sample and methods, results, discussion, conclusion.
The length of the main text may range from approximately 2,500 to 6,000 words for Original Research Articles, and 1.500 words for Short Notes. Footnotes are not to be used except for tables and figures.
Authors are responsible for checking the license and obtaining the permission for all methods or tools used in the research. If permission was required, a statement confirming permission should be included in the Sample and Methods section.
Human Studies and Subjects
Manuscripts reporting on human participants require a statement identifying the ethics committee that approved the study or confirmation that the study conforms to recognized standards. It should also state clearly in the text that participants gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study.
Participant anonymity should be preserved. Photographs need to be cropped sufficiently to prevent human subjects being recognized.
Contributions from anyone who does not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed, with permission from the contributor, in an Acknowledgments section. Authors should list all funding sources in the Acknowledgments section. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their funder designation. Material support should also be mentioned. Thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.
Text should be single line spaced, uses a 12-point font; employ italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses). Please activate line numbering. Manuscripts must be written in English.
- Abbreviations: In general, terms should not be abbreviated unless they are used repeatedly and the abbreviation is helpful to the reader. Initially, use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only. When using more than 4 abbreviations, provide a list of abbreviations after the title page.
- Units of measurement: Measurements should be given in SI or SI-derived units.
- Numbers: Numbers under 10 are spelt out, except for: measurements with a unit: age (6 weeks old), or lists with other numbers (11 infants and 9 mothers).
- Trade Names: Trade names should not be used. Drugs should be referred to by their generic names.