Groundwater arsenic contamination in the Bengal Delta Plain is an important public health issue

A review

  • Jaydip Sen Department of Anthropology, University of North Bengal, Raja Rammohunpur, Darjeeling 734013, West Bengal, India
  • Barry Bogin Loughborough University, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, LE11 3TU, UK
  • Nitish Mondal Department of Anthropology, Sikkim University, Gangtok 737102, Sikkim, India
  • Sima Dey Department of Anthropology, University of Calcutta, 35, B. C. Road, Kolkata 700019, West Bengal, India
  • Shreysai Roy Department of Anthropology, University of North Bengal, Raja Rammohunpur, Darjeeling 734013, West Bengal, India
Keywords: public health, arsenic, groundwater, India, Bangladesh, Bengal Delta

Abstract

There is a close association between human biology, epidemiology and public health. Exposure to toxic elements is one area of such associations and global concerns. The Bengal Delta Plain (BDP) is a region where contamination of ground water by arsenic has assumed epidemic proportions. Apart from dermatological manifestations, chronic exposure to arsenic causes a heavy toll through several carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic disorders. This article provides a global overview of groundwater arsenic contamination in the BDP region, especially the sources, speciation, and mobility of arsenic, and critically reviews the effects of arsenic on human health. The present review also provides a summary of comprehensive knowledge on various measures required for mitigation and social consequences of the problem of arsenic contaminated groundwater in the BDP region.

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Published
2021-06-22
How to Cite
Sen, J., Barry Bogin, Nitish Mondal, Sima Dey, & Shreysai Roy. (2021). Groundwater arsenic contamination in the Bengal Delta Plain is an important public health issue: A review. Human Biology and Public Health, 1. https://doi.org/10.52905/hbph.v1.7
Section
Review Articles