Prevalence of obesity and hypertension among the adult Angami Naga of Nagaland, Northeast India
High prevalence of hypertension in an Indian indigenous population
Background: Obesity and hypertension and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) continue to be a threat to the global health. Prevalence of NCDs has been observed to be rapidly increasing even among developing countries.
Objective: The present study aims to assess the male-female differences in blood pressure and hypertension and the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the adult Angami Naga of Nagaland.
Sample and methods: A cross-sectional sample of 194 (108 males and 86 females) adult Angami Naga from Kohima district, Nagaland were participated in the study. Anthropometric data on height vertex and body weight, whereas blood pressure data on both systolic and diastolic, were measured on each participant. Nutritional status was evaluated through body mass index (BMI).
Results: Our results indicate high prevalence of hypertension among the Angami, for both SBP (50.0%Males vs 29.1%Females) and DBP (84.3%Males vs. 46.5%Females).A high prevalence of overweight and obesity (59.3%Males vs. 50.0%Females) was also found in the present population.
Conclusion: The main findings in the present study show that irrespective of the age and sex, hypertension and obesity is observed to be on the rise.
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